The rights of those affected by discrimination are governed by the Protection against Discrimination Act which prohibits any direct or indirect discrimination based on sex, race, nationality, ethnicity, human genome, citizenship, origin, religion or belief, education, belief, political affiliation , personal or social situation, disability, age, sexual orientation, marital status, property status or any other features established by law or international treaty to which the Republic of Bulgaria is a party.
Consumer legal protection is governed by the Consumer Protection Act and the Law on Obligations and Contracts. Every citizen as a consumer has the right to a claim in establishing qualitative and quantitative deviations of the goods after purchase or after the service has been provided. The claim is made to the seller and aims at restoring the equivalence of the transaction as the product or service are declined.
The Institute of Bulgarian Citizenship is governed by the Constitution of the Republic of Bulgaria and by the Bulgarian Citizenship Act. There are two ways to acquire Bulgarian citizenship - by origin and by naturalization. Acquisition of citizenship by origin is possible under the following conditions: one of the parents of the person is a Bulgarian citizen or the person's place of birth is on the territory of Bulgaria (if the person does not acquire any other citizenship of origin).
Under the Foreigners Act in the Republic of Bulgaria and the Regulations for its application, the residence of a foreigner in Bulgaria can be long-term and short-term.
A short-stay visa (type C) is issued to a foreigner who enters a single, double or multiple stay on the territory of the Republic of Bulgaria for a total period of residence of up to 90 days within 6 months from the date of first entry.
The Republic of Bulgaria is engaged in commercial activities under the following legal forms:
- sole trader
- limited liability company (OOD)
- a joint-stock company (BD)
- limited partnership (KD)
- joint stock company (AD)
- limited partnership with shares (KDA)
The proceedings are conducted in the Commercial Register at the Registry Agency and are carried out in compliance with the Commercial Law and the Commercial Register Act.